Skin Cancer Screening

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Skin Cancer Screening
Skin Cancer Screening

Skin cancer screening implies detection of cancer through various methods, including physical examination, blood test or urine test and other sorts of medical tests. A thorough health check-up is required to detect the abnormal growth of the cells. Screening tests does at the earlier stages can help a person in treatment of uncontrolled skin cancer cells and save a person's life. With the help of skin cancer screening helps a person in identifying the risk of developing cancer. People with family medical history of cancer must go for a complete skin cancer screening.

Universal screening is also recommended for larger segments of population if they are in a danger of developing cancer. In the past, screening for cancer was not welcomed by people easily. Most people feared undergoing the procedures due to the risks attached with them. Although screening tests carry certain risks, the benefits of doing screening tests far outweigh the risks of undergoing diagnostic cancer tests. Screening tests for larger number of people are cost-effective, safe and involve non-evasive procedures. The chances of skin cancer screening tests giving false positive results are very low. Once the signs of cancer are detected, other invasive procedures are needed to confirm the diagnosis. Skin cancer screening done in the earlier stages can lead to diagnosis much earlier and save a person's life. Early diagnosis can generate higher rates of successful treatment.

Even though skin cancer tests can be done anywhere, it is not recommended for some types of patients. Risk attached to skin cancer screening increases for people over the age of 70. Individual's life expectancy should be greater than five years for cancer screening to be done. There are several factors that need to be considered to ensure that the benefits of skin cancer screening far outweigh the risks and costs of screening. Here is a list of all these factors:

Possible damaging factors from the screening test - Certain types of skin cancer screening tests such as X-ray can cause harm to the body. Radiation exposes the body to harmful ionizing and there is very limited chance that the radiation in the test will trigger a new type of cancer in a healthy person. Skin tests for skin cancer carry no harm to men or women. However, there are certain tests such as the screening mammography used for detection of breast cancer may cause more harm than benefit and hence they are not recommended for young men and women. A test with a high potential harm is recommended should be undergone if the benefits of detection are also high.

Possibility of skin cancer test correctly identifying the presence of cancer - Screening is not used for rare cancers and it is not commonly done in younger people as this disease is largely found in people over the age of 50. Different countries focus on different screening recommendations depending on which form of cancer is treatable and the one which is most common in the population. A country where skin cancer is common recommends universal screening or mass screening.

Likely danger elements from follow-up procedures - Further diagnostic tests are carried out if the screening test is positive. In case when the test produces false positives then an individual scurries to undergo several medical procedures, some of which may carry huge risks for life.

Check if suitable treatment is available - Skin cancer screening is discourage when there is no effective treatment for a case of patient in the last stages of skin cancer. The diagnosis of a fatal disease produces too much emotional and mental damage. Routine screening for cancer is typically not suitable for a weak, elderly person because the treatment sometimes is extremely painful and can inflict unbearable physical and emotional stress.

Ensure if the early detection has an impact on skin cancer treatment - In some cases, an early detection might not have any positive impact on the treatment outcome. Screening program that has been done to extend the length of the time for which the person can live with the knowledge that he is suffering from cancer is called the lead-time bias. A useful screening program lessens the number of disability adjusted life years lost.

Screening process helps in determining if the cancer will need treatment - Over diagnosis mostly takes place among elderly people and those with slow-growing cancers. Concerns pertaining to over diagnosis are not so common for people with skin cancer but more common for people facing the risk of breast and prostate cancer. Individuals will not be willing to participate in screening process that require too much time and inflict too much pain.